Futures And Options Agreement
A futures contract is concluded on the date agreed in the contract. On this day, the buyer buys the underlying. The first futures contracts were traded for agricultural commodities, and then futures contracts were traded for natural resources such as oil. Financial futures were introduced in 1972, and in recent decades money futures, interest rate futures and stock index futures have played an increasingly important role in all futures markets. Even organ addresses have been proposed to increase the supply of transplant organs. Therefore, under the assumption of constant interest rates, for a non-contributing simple asset, the value of the forward/forward price F (t,T) per interest of the present value S (t) at date t to maturity T is found by the risk-free rate of return r. To complicate matters, options are bought and sold on futures contracts. But it helps illustrate the differences between options and futures. In this example, a gold option contract on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) has a COMEX gold futures contract as its underlying. Settlement is the act of execution of the contract and can be done in two ways, as indicated depending on the type of futures contract: however, futures also offer opportunities for speculation, since a trader who predicts that the price of an asset goes in a certain direction can enter into a contract to buy or sell it at a price in the future; which (if the prediction is correct) generates a profit.
In particular, if the speculator is able to profit from it, the underlying commodity traded by the speculator would have been saved in an era of surplus and sold in times of distress, which, over time, would offer consumers of the commodity a more favorable distribution of the commodity.  However, private investors buy and sell futures by betting on the price direction of the underlying security. They want to take advantage of changes in futures prices, up or down. They don`t really intend to take possession of any product. There are only two types of options: call options and put options. A call option is an offer to purchase one share at the exercise price before the agreement expires. A sell option is an offer to sell a stock at a certain price. Since they are usually quite complex, option contracts are usually risky. The call and put options are usually associated with the same risk. When an investor buys a stock option, the only financial liability is the cost of the premium at the time of purchase of the contract. The initial margin is the capital needed to open a futures position. It is a kind of loyalty of services.
The maximum exposure is not limited to the amount of the initial margin, but the initial margin requirement is calculated on the basis of the estimated maximum change in the contract value in a trading day. . . .